fibres de carbOne hauteS performanCes à base de polyAcrylonitrile bio-souRcé
Unité de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide
The OSCAR project aims to explore the technical, scientific, economic and environmental feasibility of a process allowing the manufacture of renewable acrylonitrile (AN) monomer (bioAN) from a co-product (glycerol) from the biodiesel sector, and of all stages of its transformation into high-performance carbon fiber.
By relying on the shared expertise of the partners, the bioAN production process patented by the project coordinator will be developed and optimized. The multi-step process of transforming bioAN into carbon fiber will then be studied in detail.
Secondly, the OSCAR project will study a strategy for reducing the cost of carbon fiber, based on their manufacture from mixtures of renewable polyacrylonitrile (PAN) (bioPAN) with lignin, an inexpensive by-product of the paper industry. Lignin also being a renewable resource, this strategy makes it possible to maintain the 100% biosourced nature of carbon fiber.
As part of this project, CANOE’s activities will consist of developing and studying the multi-step process for transforming bioPAN into carbon fiber.
The OSCAR project, financed by the DGA (Direction Générale de l’Armement), the AID (Agence Innovation Défense) and implemented by the ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche), is made up of 5 partners and is part of thematic axis 7 (Materials) of the ASTRID 2021 call for projects. Its aim is to develop a high-performance carbon fiber that is 100% biosourced, based on a polyacrylonitrile precursor derived from industrial biomass transformation processes.
As well as being part of the sustainable development framework, the OSCAR project places particular emphasis on the strategic independence of the carbon fiber sector, an essential component of the civil and defense industry.
The OSCAR project concerns both the military and civil sectors, where high-performancec arbon fibers are used in aerospace, defense and aviation applications.